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UK menolak tawaran EU pergerakan bebas untuk golongan muda

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Following Brexit, the UK has turned down an EU proposal that would have made it simpler for individuals between the ages of 18 and 30 to work and study overseas. The agreement, according to the European Commission, would only be a restricted setup and would not reinstate free movement. However, No. 10 has turned down the proposal, claiming that “free movement within the EU was ended”.

UK sudah mempunyai program yang disediakan dengan beberapa negara bukan EU yang membenarkan rakyat memasuki negara itu untuk maksimum dua tahun.

Ia menunjukkan bahawa daripada mengembangkannya kepada setiap ahli EU, ia terbuka untuk berbuat demikian.

“Free movement within the EU was ended and there are no plans to introduce it,” a government official stated on Friday night. “We are not introducing an EU-wide youth mobility scheme.”

Menurut Downing Street, perjanjian dua hala adalah lebih baik daripada perjanjian yang akan meliputi semua 27 negara anggota.

Additionally, Labour has stated that if it wins the general election later this year, it has “no plans for a youth mobility scheme”.

“No return to the single market, customs union, or free movement” if it gains office, a party spokesperson stated.

It further stated that new agreements for trade in food and agricultural products, the recognition of job qualifications, and the transportation of touring artists were all part of its plan to strengthen the UK’s ties with the EU.

The Brexit referendum in 2016 was largely influenced by the EU’s free movement regulations, which the Leave side promised to leave in order to give the UK more control over immigration.

Memandangkan peserta dari UK hanya dibenarkan kekal di negara anggota EU yang memberikan mereka, cadangan skim EU tidak akan mencerminkan susunan semasa.

Walau bagaimanapun, ia akan mengurangkan secara drastik sekatan imigresen ke atas belia yang melancong antara UK dan EU, dengan suruhanjaya itu tidak mencadangkan had ke atas jumlah individu.

Suruhanjaya Eropah menyatakan dalam satu kenyataan dasar bahawa ia telah campur tangan selepas UK menghubungi beberapa negara EU yang tidak dikenali tahun lepas untuk bercakap mengenai perjanjian tertentu.

This might lead to “differential treatment” of EU nationals, it added, and a deal including the entire union should be reached to guarantee they are “treated equally”.

Sebaliknya, suruhanjaya itu ingin melampirkan perjanjian antarabangsa baharu kepada pakatan perdagangan pasca Brexit dengan United Kingdom yang berkuat kuasa pada 2021.

With the exception of Switzerland, it would be the bloc’s first mobility agreement with a nation outside the European Economic Area (EEA).

Negara-negara EU akhirnya akan memutuskan sama ada untuk memulakan perbincangan dengan UK dan juga perlu memutuskan terma rundingan. Mereka masih belum menjadualkan masa untuk bercakap mengenai cadangan itu.

Golongan muda dari sepuluh negara, termasuk Australia, New Zealand dan Kanada, sudah boleh belajar atau bekerja di UK selama maksimum dua tahun terima kasih kepada visa skim mobiliti belia. Walau bagaimanapun, calon dari EU tidak layak.

Perjanjian EU-UK yang dikemukakan oleh Suruhanjaya Eropah akan menjadi lebih luas, membenarkan kerja, belajar, latihan dan masa sukarela tanpa had selama maksimum empat tahun.

Selain itu, ia menyatakan bahawa pemohon dari negara EU tidak perlu membayar levi tahunan NHS UK, iaitu £1,035 untuk pekerja dan £776 untuk pelajar dan bawah 18 tahun.

Di samping itu, cadangan menyatakan bahawa pelajar EU sepatutnya mempunyai hak yang sama untuk bersatu semula dengan ahli keluarga seperti pelajar UK dan tidak perlu membayar tuisyen meningkat yang mereka miliki sejak Brexit.

The Home Office said in a statement that it was “open to agreeing them with our international partners, including EU member states” and that its current youth mobility schemes had been “successful”.

“Our agreements provide a valuable route for cultural exchanges providing partner countries are also willing to offer the same opportunities for young British people,” the government stated.

Since the EU’s freedom of movement regulations expired in 2021 and EU nationals now need a visa in order to enter the country, live there, study there, or work there, immigration levels to the UK have decreased.

The commission’s proposed agreement is probably going to affect official immigration numbers, since those who have been in the UK for more than a year will be included in the data.

Following Brexit, the UK declined an invitation to remain a part of the EU’s Erasmus student exchange programme and instead implemented the Turing Scheme.

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EU Reporter menerbitkan artikel daripada pelbagai sumber luar yang menyatakan pelbagai sudut pandangan. Jawatan yang diambil dalam artikel ini tidak semestinya jawatan Pemberita EU.

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