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Kemarahan antarabangsa apabila rejim Iran menyandang jawatan pengerusi forum sosial Majlis Hak Asasi Manusia PBB

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In a shocking turn of events, Iran’s regime, a notorious violator of human rights, took over the chairmanship of the Social Forum of the United Nations Human Rights Council, with human rights advocates expressing strongly condemned, tulis Shahin Gobadi.

Many are shocked that despite the regime’s history of oppression, torture, and executions, it was given such a prestigious position by the UN Human Rights Council earlier this year.

Semasa sidang media di Geneva hari ini, Tahar Boumedra, bekas Ketua Pejabat Hak Asasi Manusia PBB di Iraq, dan Behzad Naziri, wakil Majlis Kebangsaan Penentangan Iran (NCRI) dalam organisasi antarabangsa, mengecam pelantikan itu.

“This disgraceful decision is an insult to the Iranian people, whose human rights have been flagrantly violated by the regime over the past 44 years, and it makes a mockery of the principles upon which the UN is founded,” said Mr. Boumedra.

Ia juga diumumkan bahawa 180 pakar hak asasi manusia, ahli perundangan, penggubal undang-undang, pemenang Nobel termasuk pegawai semasa dan bekas PBB, dan NGO telah menulis surat kepada Volker Türk, Pesuruhjaya Tinggi PBB untuk Hak Asasi Manusia, menyatakan kemarahan atas pelantikan itu dan menonjolkan implikasinya yang membimbangkan.

“Allowing a regime notorious for committing the 1988 massacre, daily executions, and warmongering to take over a prestigious UN platform is a dagger to the heart of human rights, fuels terrorism, and endangers regional and global peace. It egregiously violates the very principles upon which the United Nations has been founded and for which millions of people have sacrificed their lives. This represents a dark stain in the history of the United Nations,” the letter said.

Kebimbangan khusus kepada penandatangan ialah pembunuhan beramai-ramai pada 1988 ke atas kira-kira 30,000 tahanan politik, kebanyakannya ahli gerakan pembangkang utama Iran, Mujahedin-e Khalq (PMOI/MEK). Presiden Iran semasa Ebrahim Raisi, pada masa itu merupakan timbalan pendakwa raya, adalah anggota 'suruhjaya kematian' di Tehran, yang menghantar beribu-ribu tahanan hati nurani ke tali gantung.

Pengiklanan

The signatories emphasized that Iranian officials should be held accountable not only for the 1988 massacre but for their atrocities over the past four decades, which have been condemned in 69 UN resolutions. “The clerical regime has executed more than 600 people in the first 10 months of 2023 and murdered 750 protesters during the 2022 uprising and 1,500 more during the 2019 uprising. On 24 November 2022, the Human Rights Council established an international Fact-Finding Mission to investigate the Iranian authorities’ human rights violations during the 2022 uprising. On 14 December 2022, Iran’s regime was removed from the UN Women’s Rights Commission due to its atrocious human rights record. On 15 December 2022, the UN General Assembly condemned the brutal and systematic violations of human rights in Iran,” the letter said.

Penandatangan surat itu termasuk Prof. Stefan Trechsel, Presiden Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Eropah (1995–1999); bekas Hakim di Tribunal Jenayah Antarabangsa PBB untuk bekas Yugoslavia (ICTY) dari Switzerland, Prof. Catherine Van de Heyning, Ahli Jawatankuasa Penasihat Majlis Hak Asasi Manusia PBB; Profesor hak asasi di Universiti Antwerp, Belgium, Amb. Stephen J. Rapp, Duta Besar AS untuk Keadilan Jenayah Global (2009-2015); Pendakwa Mahkamah Khas PBB untuk Sierra Leone (SCSL) (2007-2009), dan banyak lagi pihak berkuasa hak asasi manusia dunia yang terkemuka.

Pada masa yang sama, laporan baru PBB yang diterbitkan hari ini mendedahkan bahawa hukuman mati di Iran telah meningkat sebanyak 30 peratus tahun ini.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres stated in the report to the U.N. General Assembly on the human rights situation in Iran that Iran is carrying out executions “at an alarming rate,” putting to death at least 419 people in the first seven months of the year, according to the AP.

Behzad Naziri menegaskan bahawa pelantikan ini tidak dapat dijelaskan dan memalukan, melemahkan nilai-nilai yang diperintahkan oleh Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu untuk melindungi, mempromosikan dan menegakkan. Beliau memberi amaran bahawa jika masyarakat dunia gagal bertindak dalam menghalang pelanggar hak asasi manusia daripada mentadbir badan hak asasi manusia global, ia akan menggalakkan impunitas dan hanya menggalakkan mereka meningkatkan pelanggaran hak asasi manusia mereka.

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EU Reporter menerbitkan artikel daripada pelbagai sumber luar yang menyatakan pelbagai sudut pandangan. Jawatan yang diambil dalam artikel ini tidak semestinya jawatan Pemberita EU.

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